Handbook of Self-Knowledge

Edited by Simine Vazire and Timothy D. Wilson

Hardcovere-bookprint + e-book
Hardcover
June 20, 2012
ISBN 9781462505111
Price: $92.00 $69.00
462 Pages
Size: 7" x 10"
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e-book
May 21, 2012
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Price: $92.00 $69.00
462 Pages
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462 Pages
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This authoritative handbook reviews the state of the science of self-knowledge, a key emerging area in psychology. Leading investigators describe innovative theory and research that is shedding new light on how—and how accurately—people perceive their own traits, thoughts, feelings, behavior, and relationships. Coverage encompasses the behavioral, mental, biological, and social structures that underlie self-knowledge; approaches to studying self-beliefs in specific domains; and the motives and biases that influence accuracy. The volume explores the personal and societal benefits of self-knowledge and also considers possible ways to enhance it.

“This is [a] treasure chest for those interested in this topic....An important work for integrating a wealth of important but somewhat disparate research on self-knowledge, this comprehensive work provides valuable insights. Highly recommended. Graduate students, faculty, researchers, and practitioners.”

Choice Reviews


“This handbook fills a need for a comprehensive survey of the field of self-knowledge. It will be of interest to a wide range of psychologists concerned with the roots of understanding one’s own attitudes and dispositions. The book will serve as a lively text for undergraduate and graduate seminars.”

—Richard E. Nisbett, PhD, Department of Psychology, University of Michigan


“This is a terrific presentation of research and theory on one of the most pervasive and fundamental concerns—what people know about themselves. A dizzyingly diverse array of perspectives from leading scholars makes this a wonderful source for anyone interested in the topic. Even the best-informed experts will find this a valuable reference and will learn something new, while newcomers to the field should look no further for a book to bring them quickly and easily up to speed on the state of knowledge. Bravo to Vazire and Wilson and their stellar cast of contributing authors.”

—Roy F. Baumeister, PhD, author of Willpower: Rediscovering the Greatest Human Strength

Table of Contents

1. Introduction, Simine Vazire and Timothy D. Wilson

I. The Origins and Nature of Self-Knowledge

2. The Development of Self-Knowledge, Daniel Hart and M. Kyle Matsuba

3. Self-Insight from a Dual-Process Perspective, Bertram Gawronski and Galen V. Bodenhausen

4. Referential Processing and Competence as Determinants of Congruence between Implicit and Explicit Motives, Oliver C. Schultheiss and Alexandra Strasser

5. Self-Knowledge: From Philosophy to Neuroscience to Psychology, Matthew D. Lieberman

6. Blind Spots to the Self: Limits in Knowledge of Mental Contents and Personal Predispositions, Jason Chin, Michael Mrazek and Jonathan Schooler

7. Other People as a Source of Self-Knowledge, Sanjay Srivastava

8. Self-Knowledge: An Individual-Differences Perspective, Roberta A. Schriber and Richard W. Robins

II. Domains of Self-Knowledge

9. Knowing Our Personality, Mitja D. Back and Simine Vazire

10. Knowing Our Attitudes and How to Change Them, Pablo Briñol and Richard E. Petty

11. Self-Knowledge, Unconscious Thought, and Decision Making, Maarten W. Bos and Ap Dijksterhuis

12. Knowing Our Emotions: How Do We Know What We Feel?, Gerald L. Clore and Michael D. Robinson

13. On (Not) Knowing and Feeling What We Want and Like, Galit Hofree and Piotr Winkielman

14. Partner Knowledge and Relationship Outcomes, Jeffry A. Simpson, Jennifer Fillo, and John Myers

15. Meta-Accuracy: Do We Know How Others See Us?, Erika N. Carlson and David A. Kenny

16. Knowing Our Pathology, Thomas F. Oltmanns and Abigail D. Powers

III. Knowing Our Past and Future Selves

17. Affective Forecasting: Knowing How We Will Feel in the Future, Kostadin Kushlev and Elizabeth W. Dunn

18.Past Selves and Autobiographical Memory, Colleen M. Kelley and Larry L. Jacoby

19. Self-Conceptualization, Self-Knowledge, and Regulatory Scope: A Construal-Level View, Cheryl J. Wakslak, Yaacov Trope, and Nira Liberman

20. Sitting at the Nexus of Epistemological Traditions: Narrative Psychological Perspectives on Self-Knowledge, Jonathan M. Adler

IV. Motives and Biases in Self-Knowledge

21. Illusions of Self-Knowledge, Katherine E. Hansen and Emily Pronin

22. Classic Self-Deception Revisited, Delroy L. Paulhus and Erin Buckels

23. On Motivated Reasoning and Self-Belief, Erik G. Helzer and David Dunning

24. From “Out There” to “In Here”: Implications of Self-Evaluation Motives for Self-Knowledge, Michael J. Strube

25. Reducing Egoistic Biases in Self-Beliefs, Mark R. Leary and Kaitlin Toner


About the Editors

Simine Vazire, PhD, is Assistant Professor of Psychology at Washington University in St. Louis. Her research examines how well people know their own personalities and behavior, and how well people know the impressions they make on others. Dr. Vazire has received the SAGE Young Scholar Award from the Foundation for Personality and Social Psychology, the Early Career Award from the International Society for Self and Identity, and the Outstanding Faculty Mentor Award from Washington University in St. Louis.

Timothy D. Wilson, PhD, is Sherrell J. Aston Professor of Psychology at the University of Virginia. He has conducted research in the areas of self-knowledge, happiness, social cognition, and using social psychological principles to solve personal and social problems. Dr. Wilson is a recipient of the All-University Outstanding Teacher Award and the Distinguished Scientist Award from the University of Virginia and is an elected member of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences.

Contributors

Jonathan M. Adler, PhD, Department of Psychology, Olin College, Needham, Massachusetts

Mitja D. Back, PhD, Section on Personality Psychology and Psychological Assessment, Department of Psychology, Johannes Gutenberg-University Mainz, Mainz, Germany

Galen V. Bodenhausen, PhD, Department of Psychology, Northwestern University, Evanston, Illinois

Maarten W. Bos, PhD, Department of Negotiation, Organizations and Markets, Harvard Business School, Boston, Massachusetts

Pablo Briñol, PhD, Faculty of Psychology, Universidad Autónoma de Madrid, Madrid, Spain

Erin Buckels, BA, Department of Psychology, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada

Erika N. Carlson, MA, Department of Psychology, Washington University at St. Louis, St. Louis, Missouri

Jason Chin, PhD, Department of Psychology, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada

Gerald L. Clore, PhD, Department of Psychology, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, Virginia

Ap Dijksterhuis, PhD, Behavioral Science Institute, Radboud University Nijmegen, Nijmegen, The Netherlands

Elizabeth W. Dunn, PhD, Department of Psychology, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada

David Dunning, PhD, Department of Psychology, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York

Jennifer Fillo, BS, Department of Psychology, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota

Bertram Gawronski, PhD, Department of Psychology, University of Western Ontario, London, Ontario, Canada Katherine E. Hansen, MA, Department of Psychology, Princeton University, Princeton, New Jersey

Daniel Hart, PhD, Center for Children and Childhood Studies, Camden College of Arts and Sciences, Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey, Camden, New Jersey

Erik G. Helzer, PhD, Department of Psychology, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York

Galit Hofree, MA, Department of Psychology, University of California, San Diego, California

Larry L. Jacoby, PhD, Department of Psychology, Washington University at St. Louis, St. Louis, Missouri

Colleen M. Kelley, PhD, Department of Psychology, Florida State University, Tallahassee, Florida

David A. Kenny, PhD, Department of Psychology, University of Connecticut, Storrs, Connecticut

Kostadin Kushlev, MA, Department of Psychology, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada

Mark R. Leary, PhD, Department of Psychology and Neuroscience, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina

Nira Liberman, PhD, Department of Psychology, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, Israel

Matthew D. Lieberman, PhD, Department of Psychology, University of California, Los Angeles, California

M. Kyle Matsuba, PhD, Department of Psychology, University of Northern British Columbia, Prince George, British Columbia, Canada

Michael Mrazek, BA, Department of Psychological and Brain Sciences, University of California, Santa Barbara, California

John Myers, MS, Department of Psychology, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota

Thomas F. Oltmanns, PhD, Department of Psychology, Washington University at St. Louis, St. Louis, Missouri

Delroy L. Paulhus, PhD, Department of Psychology, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada

Richard E. Petty, PhD, Department of Psychology, Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio

Abigail D. Powers, MA, Department of Psychology, Washington University at St. Louis, St. Louis, Missouri

Emily Pronin, PhD, Department of Psychology, Princeton University, Princeton, New Jersey

Richard W. Robins, PhD, Department of Psychology, University of California, Davis, California

Michael D. Robinson, PhD, Department of Psychology, North Dakota State University, Fargo, North Dakota

Jonathan Schooler, PhD, Department of Psychology, University of California, Santa Barbara, California

Roberta A. Schriber, MA, Department of Psychology, University of California, Davis, California

Oliver C. Schultheiss, PhD, Department of Psychology and Sport Sciences, Friedrich-Alexander University, Erlangen, Germany

Jeffry A. Simpson, PhD, Department of Psychology, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota

Sanjay Srivastava, PhD, Department of Psychology, University of Oregon, Eugene, Oregon

Alexandra Strasser, DPhil, Faculty of Psychology, Technische Universität München, München, Germany

Michael J. Strube, PhD, Department of Psychology, Washington University in St. Louis, St. Louis, Missouri

Kaitlin Toner, MA, Department of Psychology and Neuroscience, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina

Yaacov Trope, PhD, Department of Psychology, New York University, New York, New York

Simine Vazire, PhD, Department of Psychology, Washington University in St. Louis, St. Louis, Missouri

Cheryl J. Wakslak, PhD, Department of Management and Organization, Marshall School of Business, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, California

Timothy D. Wilson, PhD, Department of Psychology, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, Virginia

Piotr Winkielman, PhD, Department of Psychology, University of California, San Diego, California

Audience

Social and personality psychologists; students in psychology.

Course Use

May serve as a supplemental text in advanced undergraduate- and graduate-level courses.