A Primer for Understanding and Using Research
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March 27, 2016
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March 28, 2016
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reparing students to become informed, critical consumers of research, this accessible text builds essential skills for understanding research reports, evaluating the implications for evidence-based practice, and communicating findings to different audiences. It demystifies qualitative, quantitative, and mixed methods designs and provides step-by-step procedures for judging the strengths and limitations of any study. Excerpts from real research reports are used as opportunities to develop methodological knowledge and practice analytic skills. Based on sound pedagogic principles, the text is structured for diverse learning styles: visual learners (concept maps, icons), active learners (building-block exercises and templates for writing), and story learners (examples, reading guides, and reflections).
- Rubrics, checklists of steps to take, and reading guides that walk students through analyzing different types of research articles.
- Journal abstracts with questions that home in on key aspects of a study.
- Exemplars of each type of study, with descriptions of methodological and design choices.
- End-of-chapter skills-building exercises that lead up to writing a research review essay.
- Chapter appendices featuring sample responses to the exercises.
“At last, we have a clearly written and extremely accessible book on research—both qualitative and quantitative—for students and others reading (and doing) research! Readers learn all the conventions of research that people usually have to discover on their own, such as how to cite people, use APA style, and even how to list references. The book explains when and how a researcher would use both qualitative and quantitative methods, including ways to use them together. The chapter on ethnography provides one of the best descriptions of this method and its complexities that I have seen.”—Ann Lieberman, EdD, Senior Scholar, Stanford Center for Opportunity Policy in Education, Stanford University
“As a teacher educator, I am concerned that my students develop the ability to understand just what the research in their field does and does not say, and the implications for practice. This very useful text will serve that goal. It is appropriate for introductory educational research courses for both preservice and inservice education students. I appreciate that the text is designed for readers with a variety of cognitive styles, and that it uses visual representations and concept maps to explain research processes. It discusses the assumptions and methodologies employed by different research designs and provides a great understanding of the limitations of descriptive research (especially test reports) to drive policy.”—Katherine K. Merseth, EdD, Senior Lecturer and Director of Teacher Education, Harvard Graduate School of Education
“The emphasis on research literacy is essential in training forward-thinking educators. Most students at the master's level will not be engaged in deep experimental research, but as future practitioners, they will need to understand the published research and conduct 'in-house' studies. That is where this book can serve its most important function. The discussion of sampling (often the weakest link in a research study) is very good. The final chapter, on doing reviews—a frequently overlooked topic—brings everything together and serves as an excellent synthesis.”—Louis Berry, PhD, School of Education (Emeritus), University of Pittsburgh
“This is a good introduction-to-research text, particularly for students not interested in doing research. The material on critiquing research articles is first-rate. You could depend on a student being able to critique a research article after successfully completing a course using this text.”—Marilyn Petty Glick, PhD, Instructor, Department of Education, Indiana University Kokomo
“I like the concept maps and the end-of-chapter resources and performance tasks.”—Norma K. Clark, PhD, former director, Graduate Programs in Education, Delaware State University
“The authors succinctly and logically summarize the salient features and designs most commonly aligned with qualitative researchers. They provide appropriate examples of scholarly work to illustrate the various designs.”—Susan Kushner Benson, PhD, Department of Educational Foundations and Leadership, University of Akron
Table of ContentsI. Introduction to Research and Information Literacy
1. Introduction to Research Literacy
2. Information Literacy: Accessing and Searching Digital Resources
II. Qualitative Research
3. Qualitative Research: Introduction and Overview
5. Other Qualitative Designs
III. Quantitative Research: The Basics
6. Introduction to Quantitative Research
7. Descriptive Statistics and Data Displays
IV. Experimental Research
8. Introduction to Experimental Research
9. Factorial Designs: Between-Group and Repeated-Measures Designs
10. Single-Subject Research and Designs
V. Nonexperimental Research
11. Nonexperimental Group Comparisons
12. Correlations Research
VI. Mixing and Creating Methods
13. Mixed Methods Research
14. Program Evaluation and Teacher Evaluation
15. Practitioner Research
VII. Research Reviews
16. Professional Research Reviews
17. Writing a Student Review Essay
Appendix. Sample Answers to Review Questions
About the AuthorsJeffrey S. Beaudry
, PhD, is Professor of Educational Leadership at the University of Southern Maine. His interests include visual learning, assessment literacy, formative assessment, action research, science literacy, educational technology, and program evaluation. The author or coauthor of more than 20 journal articles and book chapters, Dr. Beaudry teaches research methods courses online and in blended media formats.
, EdD, is Professor Emerita of Educational Leadership at the University of Southern Maine, where she held the Walter E. Russell Chair in Education and Philosophy and directed the Southern Maine Partnership. An experienced teacher and leader in K-12 public schools and higher education, she is committed to linking theory and practice and to promoting research literacy for practitioners. Dr. Miller has authored or coauthored seven books and more than 50 articles. She continues to be engaged as a scholar and activist for equality in education.
Students in education; clinical psychology; counseling; social work; nursing; and other social, behavioral, and health science disciplines; also of interest to practitioners who are consumers of research.
Serves as a primary text in terminal master's-level courses providing an introduction to research methods in practitioner-related fields.