The Self-Conscious Emotions

Theory and Research

Edited by Jessica L. Tracy, Richard W. Robins, and June Price Tangney
Foreword by Joseph J. Campos

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August 1, 2007
ISBN 9781593854867
Price: $71.00 $60.35
493 Pages
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Timely and authoritative, this volume reviews the breadth of current knowledge on the self-conscious emotions and their role in psychological and social functioning. Leading investigators approach the subject from multiple levels of analysis, ranging from basic brain mechanisms to complex social processes. Chapters present compelling advances in research on the most fundamental self-conscious emotions: embarrassment, guilt, humiliation, pride, and shame. Addressed are neural and evolutionary mechanisms, developmental processes, cultural differences and similarities, and influences on a wide array of social behaviors and personality processes. A unique chapter on assessment describes and evaluates the full range of available measures.

“What a great book! Self-conscious emotions, such as shame, guilt, and pride, play a pivotal role in social and self-regulation. The contributors to this book add to our understanding of these emotions at every level—from their neural basis, cognitive underpinnings, and development, to their societal functions and cross-cultural differences. This book is a 'must read' for researchers and students interested in personality, identity, emotion, moral development, relationships, and culture.”

—Carol S. Dweck, PhD, Lewis and Virginia Eaton Professor of Psychology, Stanford University


“Until now, the science of emotion has focused primarily on anxiety, sadness, and anger, but this wonderful book will help broaden that focus to include embarrassment, shame, guilt, pride, and humiliation. Tracy, Robins, and Tangney bring together world-class scientists who have written very informative and interesting chapters. The book is outstanding in its exploration of the biological, social, and developmental roots of the self-conscious emotions. Addressing such diverse topics as morality, risky behavior, conformity, and nationalism, this book advances the psychology of emotion in very important ways.”

—Ed Diener, PhD, Department of Psychology, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign


“Self-conscious emotions are at the center of all inquiries into human beings as moral animals. This fascinating volume assembles diverse perspectives on the topic, offering a number of new insights and penetrating analyses. It is the single most important resource for all scholars hoping to get a glimpse at this emerging area of research.”

—Shinobu Kitayama, PhD, Department of Psychology, University of Michigan

Table of Contents

I. Theoretical Perspectives: Social, Cognitive, and Neural Mechanisms Underlying Self-Conscious Emotions

1. The Self in Self-Conscious Emotions: A Cognitive Appraisal Approach, Jessica L. Tracy and Richard W. Robins

2. What's Moral about the Self-Conscious Emotions?, June Price Tangney, Jeffrey Stuewig, and Debra J. Mashek

3. How the Self Became Involved in Affective Experience: Three Sources of Self-Reflective Emotions, Mark R. Leary

4. Neural Systems for Self-Conscious Emotions and Their Underlying Appraisals, Jennifer S. Beer

5. A Social Function for Self-Conscious Emotions: The Social Self Preservation Theory, Tara L. Gruenewald, Sally S. Dickerson, and Margaret E. Kemeny

II. Developmental Contexts and Processes

6. The Development of Self-Conscious Emotions: Cognitive Processes and Social Influences, Kristin Hansen Lagattuta and Ross A. Thompson

7. The Development of Pride and Moral Life, Daniel Hart and M. Kyle Matsuba

8. Self-Conscious Emotional Development, Michael Lewis

III. Cultural Influences

9. Shifting Meanings of Self-Conscious Emotions across Cultures: A Social-Functional Approach, Jennifer L. Goetz and Dacher Keltner

10. From Appeasement to Conformity: Evolutionary and Cultural Perspectives on Shame, Competition, and Cooperation, Daniel M. T. Fessler

11. A Cross-Cultural Examination of Lexical Studies of Self-Conscious Emotions, Robin S. Edelstein and Phillip R. Shaver

12. Cultural Models of Shame and Guilt, Ying Wong and Jeanne Tsai

13. Respect as a Positive Self-Conscious Emotion in European Americans and Chinese, Jin Li and Kurt W. Fischer

IV. Specific Emotions: Function and Conceptualization

14. Is Embarrassment a Blessing or a Curse?, Rowland S. Miller

15. The Nature of Pride, Jessica L. Tracy and Richard W. Robins

16. The Evolution of Shame as a Marker for Relationship Security: A Biopsychosocial Approach, Paul Gilbert

17. Humiliation Causes, Correlates, and Consequences, Jeff Elison and Susan Harter

18. Shame and Guilt as Morally Warranted Experiences, Tamara J. Ferguson, Daniel Brugman, Jennifer White and Heidi L. Eyre

V. Special Topics and Applications

19. Group-Conscious Emotions: The Implications of Others' Wrongdoings for Identity and Relationships, Brian Lickel, Toni Schmader, and Marija Spanovic

20. Shame and Guilt in Antisocial and Risky Behaviors, Jeffrey Stuewig and June Price Tangney

21. Wrestling with Nature: An Existential Perspective on the Body and Gender in Self-Conscious Emotions, Tomi-Ann Roberts and Jamie L. Goldenberg

22. Overvalued and Ashamed: Considering the Roles of Self-Esteem and Self-Conscious Emotions in Covert Narcissism, Jennifer K. Bosson and Jennifer L. Prewitt-Freilino

23. Runaway Nationalism: Alienation, Shame, and Anger, Thomas J. Scheff

VI. Assessment

24. Assessing Self-Conscious Emotions: A Review of Self-Report and Nonverbal Measures, Richard W. Robins, Eric E. Noftle, and Jessica L. Tracy


About the Editors

Jessica L. Tracy, PhD, is Assistant Professor of Psychology at the University of British Columbia. Her research and publications focus on the expression, psychological structure, and cognitive elicitors of self-conscious emotions, as well as their links to personality and self-esteem regulation. Dr. Tracy founded the annual Society for Personality and Social Psychology Pre-Conference on Emotion, and her work has been honored by the Wellcome Trust-New Scientist Essay Competition, as well as by dissertation awards from the New York Academy of Sciences and the American Psychological Association.

Richard W. Robins, PhD, is Professor of Psychology at the University of California, Davis. His research and publications focus on personality, emotions, and the self. Dr. Robins is coeditor of the Handbook of Research Methods in Personality Psychology and the forthcoming Handbook of Personality, Third Edition, and he has served as associate editor of the Journal of Personality and Social Psychology. Dr. Robins was awarded the American Psychological Association’s Distinguished Scientific Award for Early Career Contribution to Psychology and the Society for Personality and Social Psychology’s Theoretical Innovation Prize.

June Price Tangney, PhD, is Professor of Psychology at George Mason University. She is coauthor of Shame and Guilt and coeditor of the Handbook of Self and Identity. She has served as associate or consulting editor for several journals, and is currently associate editor of American Psychologist. Her research interests include the development and implications of moral emotions. Currently, her work focuses on moral emotions among incarcerated offenders.

Contributors

Jennifer S. Beer, PhD, Department of Psychology, University of California, Davis, Davis, California

Jennifer K. Bosson, PhD, Department of Psychology, University of South Florida, Tampa, Florida

Daniel Brugman, PhD, Department of Developmental Psychology, Utrecht University, Utrecht, Netherlands

Sally S. Dickerson, PhD, Department of Psychology and Social Behavior, University of California, Irvine, Irvine, California

Robin S. Edelstein, PhD, Department of Psychology and Social Behavior, University of California, Irvine, Irvine, California

Jeff Elison, PhD, Department of Psychology, Southern Utah University, Cedar City, Utah

Heidi L. Eyre, PhD, Department of Psychology, Jacksonville State University, Jacksonville, Alabama

Tamara J. Ferguson, PhD, Department of Psychology, Utah State University, Logan, Utah

Daniel M. T. Fessler, PhD, Department of Anthropology, University of California, Los Angeles,

Los Angeles, California

Kurt W. Fischer, PhD, Graduate School of Education, Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts

Paul Gilbert, PhD, DClinPsych, Mental Health Research Unit, Kingsway Hospital, Derby, United Kingdom

Jennifer L. Goetz, BS, Department of Psychology, University of California, Berkeley, Berkeley, California

Jamie L. Goldenberg, PhD, Department of Psychology, University of South Florida, Tampa, Florida

Tara L. Gruenewald, PhD, Department of Medicine-Division of Geriatrics, University of California, Los Angeles, Los Angeles, California

Daniel Hart, EdD, Camden College of Arts and Sciences, Rutgers University, Camden, New Jersey

Susan Harter, PhD, Department of Psychology, University of Denver, Denver, Colorado

Dacher Keltner, PhD, Department of Psychology, University of California, Berkeley, Berkeley, California

Margaret E. Kemeny, PhD, Department of Psychiatry, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, California

Kristin Hansen Lagattuta, PhD, Department of Psychology, University of California, Davis, Davis, California

Mark R. Leary, PhD, Department of Psychology and Neuroscience, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina

Michael Lewis, PhD, Institute for the Study of Child Development, Robert Wood Johnson Medical School, New Brunswick, New Jersey

Jin Li, EdD, Department of Education, Brown University, Providence, Rhode Island

Brian Lickel, PhD, Department of Psychology, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, California

Debra J. Mashek, PhD, Department of Humanities and Social Sciences, Harvey Mudd College, Claremont, California

M. Kyle Matsuba, PhD, Department of Psychology, University of Northern British Columbia, Prince George, British Columbia, Canada

Rowland S. Miller, PhD, Department of Psychology and Philosophy, Sam Houston State University, Huntsville, Texas

Erik E. Noftle, PhD, Department of Psychology, University of California, Davis, Davis, California

Jennifer L. Prewitt-Freilino, MS, Department of Psychology, University of Oklahoma, Norman, Oklahoma

Tomi-Ann Roberts, PhD, Department of Psychology, Colorado College, Colorado Springs, Colorado

Richard W. Robins, PhD, Department of Psychology, University of California, Davis, Davis, California

Thomas J. Scheff, PhD, Department of Sociology, University of California, Santa Barbara, Santa Barbara, California

Toni Schmader, PhD, Department of Psychology, University of Arizona, Tucson, Arizona

Phillip R. Shaver, PhD, Department of Psychology, University of California, Davis, Davis, California

Marija Spanovic, BA, Department of Psychology, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, California

Jeffrey Stuewig, PhD, Department of Psychology, George Mason University, Fairfax, Virginia

June Price Tangney, PhD, Department of Psychology, George Mason University, Fairfax, Virginia

Ross A. Thompson, PhD, Department of Psychology, University of California, Davis, Davis, California

Jessica L. Tracy, PhD, Department of Psychology, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada

Jeanne Tsai, PhD, Department of Psychology, Stanford University, Stanford, California

Jennifer White, BS, Department of Psychology, Utah State University, Logan, Utah

Ying Wong, MA, Department of Psychology, Stanford University, Stanford, California

Audience

Researchers in social, personality, developmental, and clinical psychology.

Course Use

May serve as a text in advanced undergraduate- and graduate-level courses and seminars.