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Responding to Problem Behavior in Schools

Third Edition
The Check-In, Check-Out Intervention

Leanne S. Hawken, Deanne A. Crone, Kaitlin Bundock, and Robert H. Horner

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November 27, 2020
ISBN 9781462546060
Price: $92.00
269 Pages
Size: 8" x 10½"
November 27, 2020
ISBN 9781462539512
Price: $42.00
269 Pages
Size: 8" x 10½"
October 28, 2020
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269 Pages
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Now revised and expanded with the latest research and adaptations for additional target behaviors, this is the gold-standard guide to Check-In, Check-Out (CICO), the most widely implemented Tier 2 behavior intervention. CICO is designed for the approximately 10–15% of students who fail to meet schoolwide behavioral expectations but who do not require intensive, individualized supports. In a large-size format for easy photocopying, the book includes step-by-step procedures and reproducible tools for planning and implementation. At the companion website, purchasers can download and print the reproducible tools and can access online-only training materials, sample daily progress reports, and an Excel database for managing daily data. (Second edition subtitle: The Behavior Education Program.)

New to This Edition See also Dr. Hawken's training DVD, Check-In, Check-Out, Second Edition: A Tier 2 Intervention for Students at Risk. Also available: the authors' work on intensive interventions for severe problem behavior, Building Positive Behavior Support Systems in Schools, Second Edition: Functional Behavioral Assessment.

This title is part of The Guilford Practical Intervention in the Schools Series, edited by Sandra M. Chafouleas.

“Capturing 10 years of advances in the field, this volume provides new enhancements to the evidence-based CICO intervention. The third edition includes an updated high school chapter, a new chapter on CICO in alternative settings, and a new training-the-trainer chapter that provides step-by-step guidance for setting up a CICO workshop. Other important new topics include how to adapt CICO for academic/organizational, recess, and internalizing behavior issues. This book can be used in any school to improve the effectiveness of Tier 2 intervention.”

—Bob Putnam, PhD, LP, BCBA-D, LABA, Executive Vice President of PBIS and Consultation, May Institute

“CICO is one of the most valuable tools I’ve used in my career as a school psychologist—it has had a lasting positive impact on our students. This comprehensive manual provides clear action steps for school teams to effectively and efficiently implement the program to meet the needs of their students. In addition to examples of implementation in real schools, the manual is complete with sample materials, data collection forms, and ideas for adapting the intervention, providing practioners a full CICO toolkit. My district has used this manual to train elementary and middle school implementation teams over the past several years, and we are excited for the expanded third edition, which includes applications for students with internalizing behaviors, high school settings, and alternative education programs.”

—Mishele Stein Carroll, MA, NCSP, Social Emotional Learning Coordinator, Jeffco Public Schools, Colorado

“This excellent book is supported by a strong theoretical base. The third edition is enhanced by detailed instructions for training school personnel, as well as guidance on how to systematically track intervention fidelity and outcomes, which is crucial in a multi-tiered framework. The chapter on culturally responsive CICO is helpful for adapting and applying the core components in various contexts—even internationally. I especially appreciate how the third edition helps schools to become even more inclusive by layering additional interventions onto CICO for students who need extra support.”

—Anne Karhu, PhD, School of Educational Sciences and Psychology, University of Eastern Finland

“This book will change the way schools see and serve struggling students at an early stage across ages, cultures, and countries. Key ideas, recommendations, and evidence are presented in a clear way. The book has several great concrete examples of CICO implementation that efficiently demonstrate how students can experience more success in school. All of us who coach schools in their efforts to promote students’ academic and social learning and development should be indebted to the authors for this impressive third edition.”

—Anne Arnesen, PhD, Norwegian Center for Child Behavioral Development, Oslo, Norway

Table of Contents

1. Introduction to Check-In, Check-Out sample

2. The Context for PBIS in Schools

3. Basic CICO: Critical Features and Processes

4. Getting a CICO Intervention Started

5. Roles, Responsibilities, and Training Needs Related to Implementing CICO, Deanne A. Crone, Leanne S. Hawken, & K. Sandra MacLeod

6. Designing CICO to Fit Your School

7. Selecting Fidelity and Outcome Data Systems to Guide CICO Decision Making, Robert H. Horner, K. Brigid Flannery, Angus Kittelman, Mimi McGrath Kato, & Leanne S. Hawken

8. Adaptations to Basic CICO

9. Layering More Intensive Interventions onto Basic CICO, Leanne S. Hawken, Kimberli Breen, Kaitlin Bundock, & Deanne A. Crone

10. Considerations for Caregiver Partnership and Culturally Responsive CICO, Sara C. McDaniel & Allison Leigh Bruhn

11. CICO in High School Settings, Kaitlin Bundock & K. Brigid Flannery

12. CICO for Students with Internalizing Behavior Problems, Kristin Kladis, Kristen Stokes, & Breda O’Keeffe

13. CICO in Alternative Educational Settings, Nicole Swoszowski, Robin Ennis, & Kristine Jolivette

14. Training Schools on CICO Implementation: A Guide for Coaches/Trainers

15. Frequently Asked Questions and Troubleshooting CICO Implementation


A.1 List of Abbreviations and Definitions

B.1 Working Smarter, Not Harder Matrix

B.2 Request for Assistance Form

B.3 Parental Permission Form

B.4 Daily Progress Report—Middle School, Example 1

B.5 Daily Progress Report—Middle School, Example 2

B.6 Thumbs-Up! Ticket

B.7 Daily Progress Report—Elementary School, Example 1

B.8 Daily Progress Report—Elementary School, Example 2

C.1 CICO Implementation Readiness Questionnaire

C.2 Voting Form for Implementing the CICO Intervention

C.3 CICO Development and Implementation Guide

D.1 CICO Form—Elementary School

D.2 CICO Form—Middle/High School

E.1 Reinforcer Checklist

F.1 CICO Fidelity of Implementation Measure

G.1 Functional Assessment Checklist for Teachers and Staff



About the Authors

Leanne S. Hawken, PhD, BCBA, is Director of Content and Curriculum at Parent Playbook and Professor Emeritus in the Department of Special Education at the University of Utah. She has worked in the field of behavior analysis since the 1990s, applying the technology across a range of students and adults. Dr. Hawken has been training, coaching, and conducting research on Check-In, Check-Out (CICO) since the early 2000s. She is coauthor of Building Positive Behavior Support Systems in Schools, Second Edition; Responding to Problem Behavior in Schools, Third Edition; and the training DVD Check-In, Check-Out, Second Edition: A Tier 2 Intervention for Students at Risk.

Deanne A. Crone, PhD, is a Research Associate at the Center on Teaching and Learning at the University of Oregon. She has directed several research and training grants addressing behavior disorders, positive behavior support, and functional behavioral assessment. Dr. Crone has conducted extensive training in functional behavioral assessment and positive behavior support with teachers, paraprofessionals, principals, and directors of special education.

Kaitlin Bundock, PhD, is Assistant Professor of Special Education and Rehabilitation at Utah State University. A former teacher of special education high school mathematics, Dr. Bundock's research and teaching focus on effective instruction and intervention for students struggling in mathematics at the secondary level. Dr. Bundock also focuses on behavioral interventions and supports in secondary schools. She has provided school and district teams with training in the Check-In, Check-Out (CICO) intervention, and has assisted with implementing CICO in elementary and middle schools.

Robert H. Horner, PhD, is Emeritus Professor of Special Education at the University of Oregon. His research has focused on applied behavior analysis, positive behavior support, multi-tiered instructional systems, equity in education, and systems change. Since the 1990s, Dr. Horner has worked with George Sugai to develop and implement schoolwide positive behavioral interventions and supports (PBIS). He is a recipient of the Education Award from the American Association for Mental Retardation, the Public Service in Behavior Analysis Award from the Society for the Advancement of Behavior Analysis, the Fred S. Keller Behavioral Education Award from Division 25 of the American Psychological Association, and the Distinguished Researcher Award from the Special and Inclusive Education Research Special Interest Group of the American Educational Research Association.


School psychologists, school counselors, school social workers, and administrators working with children ages 4–17 (grades PreK–12); PBIS coaches and team leaders; special educators.

Course Use

May serve as a text in graduate-level courses on positive behavior supports or behavioral interventions.

Check-In, Check-Out: Second Edition: A Tier 2 Intervention for Students at Risk and Responding to Problem Behavior in Schools: Third Edition: The Check-In, Check-Out InterventionSpecial package offer: The training DVD Check-In, Check-Out: Second Edition: A Tier 2 Intervention for Students at Risk demonstrates CICO in action. The related resource, Responding to Problem Behavior in Schools, Third Edition: The Check-In, Check-Out Intervention provides a comprehensive presentation of CICO, plus guidelines and tools for implementation.

Order both items for $74.95, instead of $107 if bought separately!

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Previous editions published by Guilford:

Second Edition, © 2010
ISBN: 9781606236000

First Edition, © 2004
ISBN: 9781572309401
New to this edition: